Mr. Iñárritu, does a filmmaker have to live his films?
I think every film in a way is an extension of yourself. No matter what. Every film that I have done is an extension of myself. Sometimes I feel that the films start blending with reality. Suddenly there’s a weird blurred line that disappears and what’s going on thematically in the film starts surrounding your life in a very real way. That has happened to me many times.
With which films specifically?
This time, with The Revenant, the physicality of the theme really became part of our daily life. The water was extremely cold; one day we were in 40 degrees below zero. The physical reality of the characters appeared in our life and blended with our own physical experience.
Why were you so committed to shooting it under such conditions?
I was really happy to get out into the wild and to get back to the tradition and the origins of cinema where things happen and we’re shooting in real places. Where we haven’t invented a way to do an artificial world around us by building sets or digitally inventing them. Suddenly the reality and the complexity of the real natural elements and the real light… It’s clear for me that no matter how good a computer or set designer is, it will never match that.
Not only because of its complexity and beauty, but because the state of mind that it gives those doing the film. It has repercussions in the whole system, you know? I really love the experience in that sense. The odyssey of making the film became the film itself. We became the trappers, you know? It was great and it was a vast emotional experience and physical experience.
That reminds me of Herzog’s Aguirre, the Wrath of God, where he believed the harsh conditions shooting in the Peruvian rainforest would seep through into the film.
Yeah. Herzog’s Aguirre or Fitzcarraldo were an influence to me. Or Akira Kurosawa did a film called Dersu Uzala, or even Apocalypse Now. Those films where it’s man against nature and there are those landscapes that, in a way, dictate the emotional state of the character. I really love those films.
But shooting like that can take its toll as well. During the production of Aguirre, Herzog and Klaus Kinski almost ended up killing each other as a result of the stress.
Yes, once you are there, you realize it will be ten times more difficult! The film is a result of a naïve decision that I made. I made that decision because I was absolutely blind. You really give up any chance of being comfortable and fight every day. That’s the mode. It was like rock climbing: once you are climbing a wall without a rope and you are in the middle, any mistake and you know that you fall and you will die. That’s how the sensation of this film was every day.
That sounds horrible.
It’s a little bit scary how crazy I am! It could have been terrible. Everything could have gone wrong very easily… There were so many challenges every day. You become a creature of your own work. Sometimes you are God and sometimes you are a creature. And here you are just a creature surviving your own creation. And the stakes financially, the things that can go wrong in such an ambitious project, the standards were set so high, that we were trapped. I was trapped in my own rules. I couldn’t go back; I hit a wall. And if I didn’t finish, or didn’t finish the way I wanted to, then it would be a complete disaster. It’s like a marathon—there is no way you can stop; you have to finish. You feel that you are fainting, but you have to finish!
Your career must be hard on your marriage.
I hope I’m not divorced very soon! (Laughs) It was tough. It was tough. Filmmaking demands a lot, it takes a lot of shit from you. And you are away from all the people that need you, and that’s one of the toughest parts.
“These films are not happening anymore, because most of the people involved now are financiers and their only reason to be there is profit.”
And you were already working on The Revenant when you won the Oscar for Birdman last year. Wouldn’t you say it’s time for a break?
I’ve run two marathons so I need to stop. To be honest, I haven’t had even the time to understand what happened with Birdman! It’s a very weird situation and I think I will have to rest for a couple of months and then to understand what happened in my life in the last two and a half years. Normally I take two or three years between every film so the only thing that I can really think about is to rest for the next three years. I really need it.
Does it take a mogul like Arnon Milchan—who financed Birdman and The Revenant and has previously backed films like Once Upon a Time in America and Brazil—to make these kinds of ambitious films possible?
Absolutely. You need a guy with that passion, with certain taste, who is an art lover, and crazy—in a good way— all at the same time in order to make a film like this happen.
Does everybody else worry too much about money?
That’s why these films are not happening anymore, because most of the people involved now are financiers that their only reason to be there is profit. And when everything is driven by profit, then films become a commodity or a comfortable product that doesn’t bother anybody and gets the most audience possible without… So that’s a dangerous state that we are in now. It’s only profit. I’m not naïve to think that it was different before. It’s always been like that, but now it is much more than ever.
In hindsight, would you choose to do a film like The Revenant the same way again?
I don’t regret having done it at all. I think everything that I went through was worth it. I am very proud. But I would not do it again. (Laughs) It was extremely difficult. Extremely, extremely demanding. It became an act of survival, honestly. As a filmmaker, I was in moments that were very difficult and challenging…
How do you find hope in those moments?
Sometimes when you lose faith and you understand that something will never be possible the way that you dreamed, but you keep trying, suddenly one thing flips and everything re-accommodates. And suddenly what was not working totally flows. When you are in a very, very tough moment of a day and a lot of frustration because nothing is happening right—but you don’t give up—and suddenly that happens! That’s almost a transcendental thing.
Source: The Talk
‘The Square’ Interview with Ruben Östlund, Claes Bang and Elisabeth Moss
Director Ruben Östlund is an adventurer of Swedish film and a hard man to satiate. It is seen in his Oscar-nominated film – The Square that has received much attention. Here is an excerpt from the interview with The Playlist as actors Claes Bang and Elisabeth Moss share their experience with the movie and the director.
Claes Bang: Can I tell you a funny story from Cannes?
Elisabeth Moss: Yeah.
Claes Bang: When we were [at Cannes] there was this Screen International journalist, Wendy Mitchell, and she saw the film, she loved it, and she started [rooting] for me as best actor. She put on her Facebook page she put “The Daily Bang” and posted a new photo of me every day. Invented the hashtag #BangforBond.
Elisabeth Moss: So good!
Claes Bang : At the end of the festival, all these predictions come out, right? My agents were fanning me. “It says in Variety now that you’re gonna win. It says in the Daily Telegraph you’re gonna win. It says in The Guardian.” It said everywhere and I started fucking believing the hype. I did. I started believing the hype, because everybody was saying, “It’s an amazing film. It’s so fucking good, but you’re not gonna win the big thing because it’s too funny.” So when we got that phone call on Sunday…
The Playlist: And they told Ruben to come, too, it wasn’t just…
Claes Bang: No, no. They invite the entire crew that is there. So they said to come and I was like, “Fuck, I’m gonna get [an] award.” So when they said, “And the award for Best Actor goes to,” I was almost fucking getting my ass out of the seat and then they said, “Joaquin Phoenix.” I was like, “Okay, I’ll stay put.” Then the next prize went, the next prize went, the next prize went and there was just one left. I leaned over to Rupert and I said, “Unless they’re really fucking with us, we’re gonna get the big one.” We got the big one and I was like, really, really so fucking happy about it, and he was, and everything was exploding, and then five minutes later I was like, “Wait a fucking second. What the fuck was that? He stole my award,that fucking Swedish wanker.” (Laughs.) So what happened is that all the people that get the awards, they go off to a press conference.
Elisbeth Moss: Yeah.
The Playlist: Yeah, I was at the press conferences.
Claes Bang: There’s an amazing party that starts out on the top of the Palais overlooking this harbor with all the boats and everything. Then you go down to the beach where there’s a department of a French restaurant that’s just the most amazing food, champagne, people in tuxes. I mean, amazing. I started to get a little bit pissed. I got quite drunk and then Ruben came back from the press conference and I saw him over there, and I was like, “I’m fucking gonna hurt him now. I’m fucking gonna go over there and kick his ass.”
The Playlist: Really?
Claes Bang: I was so mad. I was really … and I have done really, really stupid stuff when I’m drunk. So, I said to my wife, “We need to leave now.” So we left.
Elisabeth Moss: That’s the danger of believing the hype! That’s why after eight nominations I will never convince me of anything else other than that I’m gonna lose.
Claes Bang: And Ruben texted me something at [1 AM asking] “Where the fuck are you? I mean, we won and everybody’s asking for you.” I mean, everybody there had seen that film and unless you know Ruben, you don’t know that he is the guy, but everybody knew that I was sort of the lead of the film. And I was just…
Elisabeth Moss: Gone.
Claes Bang: I was gone.
The Playlist: But when you woke up the next morning with the hangover were you at least excited?
Claes Bang: I had to get up like, fuck dead early the next morning. That was one of the things. I had a show in Edinburgh that next night.
The Playlist: But when you were going to the airport, on the plane, you must have been thinking “Holy cow!” because when you make a movie you don’t necessarily think it’s going to win the Palme d’Or at Cannes.
Claes Bang: No, and my wife, she was so fucking mad with me. She said, “We’re leaving the party of our lives. There’s boom boom boom and they all want to talk to you, and now we’re leaving.” “Yes,” I said, “This is not where I’m gonna kill a director or try and break the Palme d’Or in half to say ‘This is mine’ or something.”
Elisabeth Moss: But how Ruben Ostlund would that have been if the lead actor and the director got into a fight?
Claes Bang: Exactly.
The Playlist: Yes!
Claes Bang: When I told him this story, because I’ve told him and I’ve told the press and everything now, he was just like, “This is the best story of the whole shoot.”
Elisabeth Moss: Yeah, it’s the greatest!
The Playlist: He’s gonna put this in a movie now. You realize this, right?
Claes Bang: It’s cool. It’s fine. It’s no problem. Listen, what I actually find quite funny is that when you think about it, it’s like, “Oh my God, no. Did I do that?” But when I tell the story people are like, “Finally, someone is coming out and saying I was really, really disappointed not to win.”
Elisabeth Moss: Right. Totally, yes.
Claes Bang: It was literally something like five or six places where it said, “He’s gonna win it.” I fucking believed it.
Elisabeth Moss: Of course. It’s dangerous!
The Playlist: By the way, I’m one of those people that do the stuff that say “these people are going to win.”
Elisabeth Moss: Right, exactly!
The Playlist: So, I guess I apologize?
Elisabeth Moss: No, by all means. It’s your job, but it’s like…
Claes Bang: I have this thing also that was like, “Okay, they really invited a rookie to Cannes. Now we’re gonna fuck with him.”
The Playlist: It’s not personal!
Claes Bang: “We’re gonna build him up, we’re gonna make him believe, and then-”
Elisabeth Moss: “We’re gonna take it away. Just to teach him a lesson.”
The Playlist: Elisabeth, you weren’t at the ceremony. Were you there for the premiere and then you left?
Elisabeth Moss: I went to Antibes which is like 45 minutes, a half an hour away or something. Nobody asked me to go to the Palme d’Or Ceremony.
The Playlist: Oh, they didn’t call and tell you? I thought they gave everyone 24 hours notice.
Claes Bang: No. For instance, if you’re in Japan and you’ve gone back to Japan and you’re getting an award, they will let you know in time so you can get on a plane.
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CHRISTO TALKS: “IT’S NOT A PROFESSION, IT’S EXISTENCE”
Christo, you and your wife Jeanne-Claude were born on the exact same day in 1935, but in completely different countries. Do you believe in destiny?
Jeanne-Claude always said, “There are a million people born on the same day.” But it happened that we met, that’s all. That is something not unusual. But there are many things that are not destiny. You make your own destiny.
You worked together for nearly 50 years. Would you have become the same artist without her?
It’s the same question to ask, “What would happen if I were Chinese?” (Laughs) We cannot discuss these things – if, if, if – there are no ifs. After living for 80 years, there are no ifs. I can only say one if and it was that I was rather lucky to escape in 1957 to the West. I had never been outside of Bulgaria until 1956 and if I didn’t go to the West, things would have probably been different.
The Soviets had a very strict policy against modern art so you might have not made art at all.
I was drawing all the time as a little boy, like 5 or 6 years old, and it was at this age that I decided to be an artist. There was never a thought about anything else. But it’s true, in the late ’40s and early ’50s most modern art was not permitted to be seen in the Soviet Bloc countries. There were some very bad reproductions and old books… I desperately tried to go beyond Bulgaria and the Soviet Bloc, but even going to other communist countries was very difficult. Fortunately my aunt and my uncle were living in Prague and finally I succeeded in finding a way to visit them. And I was totally flabbergasted by Prague!
It was the most Western country. Even before the chance to fully escape came into view, I had already decided that I was never going to go back to Bulgaria! I was going to stay in Prague. I was young, like 21 years old, and when you’re young and you discover the relatively small freedom of the Western art in Czechoslovakia and Prague in the late ’50s, suddenly you dream of going to Paris! And this is how the stage was set for me to go to Paris.
And that made all the difference after all. It was there that you met Jeanne-Claude and you were together until her death in 2009. How has your life changed since she passed away?
We are missing her all the time, you know? You should understand that living with one person for over 50 years, we miss many, many things. Probably one of the greatest things was that she was always very critical of anything we tried to put together. You can see in many of the films the Maysles brothers made about our work how vigorously we argued with each other – almost fighting each other! This is the thing I miss the most because it is so important to the process of what we are doing, to have this critical attitude all the time, not bending, not compromising. But there are many, many things. Many, many things.
Is it true that you always flew in separate planes so that in case one crashed the other could continue the work?
Exactly, because we are always working on two or three projects and at least one should finish the project that was very much advanced. That was the story. I remember often we would take different planes, then on the way to the connecting flight we would kiss each other and take another plane.
Was it natural for you to continue making work alone after her death?
To be a visual artist is not a profession – it is existence. In the Maysles’ film The Gates, she is in a car and a journalist is asking, “You’re very advanced in age, will you retire?” And Jeanne-Claude says, “Artists do not retire, they simply die.” It’s not a profession, it’s existence, you know? You exist through art. You cannot even compare it to other professions, in the office and things like that.
Source: The Talks
THE ANA ROŠ TALK: “IT HAS TO DO WITH OUR OWN PERSONALITY”
Ms. Roš, what are the main challenges in Slovenian cuisine today?
I think Slovenia is slowly, slowly stepping on the world gastronomic map. But my generation of chefs needs to fight for every single step, and every decision is opening a new door. If you work in Italy or Germany, and you cook well, sooner or later you will get the recognition that you need — there is the Michelin Guide, there is Gault Millau, there is the L’Espresso Guide. While in Slovenia, you can be really good, but up to the moment when the international community acknowledges you, you are actually no one.
You have been the head chef of Hiša Franko in Kobarid for almost 20 years — and it wasn’t until this year that you were recognized as the number one female chef by the World’s 50 Best Restaurants academy.
Right, it’s a very, very slow process. Everybody travels for food to Copenhagen, London, or Paris, but who knows where Kobarid is? So it has been a long, long struggle and fight. It doesn’t have only to do with the quality of the restaurant; you have to prove that you are worth certain awards three times more than in developed countries.
“Creativity is something that does not come only from our childhood — it has a lot to do with our own personality.”
I guess the former Yugoslavia doesn’t necessarily come to mind as a haven for creativity in fine dining. What was it like growing up there in the 1990s?
Well, my mother was actually a brilliant cook. She was a journalist and a very creative person, so our meals at home were very colorful and never repeated. But if I think of the food from my childhood, I think of a simple pasta dish with homemade tomato sauce. It really was a super flavorful meal, with a drop of olive oil on the top and with no cheese. That was the most loved meal when I was a child! That is what they call, “happy food.” You know, my children would kill for it.
My parents lived through the communist regime and told me they used to get so excited over simple things like bananas because they were so rare.
Yes but you know, Yugoslavia never had a very strict organization of the country — the borders were open and we could travel. Tito was a “bon vivant” and he was letting his people have a pretty free life. So Yugoslavia had a lot of good things as well. I think Yugoslavia was a place with a lot of creative people; culture was super strong, especially in Zagreb and Belgrade. But I think that creativity is something that either is in a person or is not. Let’s say I have two children and they are both raised in the same way. The girl is super creative and totally irrational, while the boy is totally rational and not creative at all. I think it is something that does not come only from our childhood or from our upbringing or from the regime in which we lived in — it has a lot to do with our own personality.
Do you feel more creative and irrational, or the other way around?
Oh, I’m too instinctive sometimes! You see, my problem — and sometimes it is also a good thing — is that I don’t question a lot. I actually just jump in the water and swim and I am a kind of personality that is never happy with average results. At Hiša Franko, I never questioned myself about how it is going to be like, especially because I never had any prior experience of seeing how a restaurant really works and I’m completely self-taught so it was like a total experiment and we are still making corrections.
Source: The Talk
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